Browsing MSc. CIS Theses and Dissertations by Title
Now showing 1 - 20 of 86
Results Per Page
- ItemA Prototype for predicting energy consumption in buildings: a case of commercial office buildings(Strathmore University, 2019) Wachira, Paul Manasse MachariaEnergy consumption remains the highest cost areas for businesses together with facilities, people and equipment but unfortunately, it is the only one that is not carefully monitored. For businesses to be able to manage energy consumption they must first be able to predict future energy consumption so as to aid in budgeting and planning for cost reduction strategies. This study proposed an energy consumption prediction prototype to help predict future consumption of energy in commercial office buildings thus aiding proper budgeting and cost reduction. To develop the prediction model the study used the 2012 CBECS (Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption Survey) dataset hosted by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) of the United States of America. After cleaning and reviewing the data set, 26 Features were selected for Features Engineering. Features Engineering enabled the research to choose the best 4 Features which were used for training and testing different Regression Based Machine Learning Algorithms. Using R2 (R Squared), MAE (Mean Absolute Error) and RMSE (Root Mean Square Error) to determine performance, the study selected Gradient Boost Machines as the best algorithm for the prototype with an Accuracy of 97%. Python packages Pandas, NumPy, Matplotlib, Seaborn and Scikit-leam were used indata cleaning, descriptive statistics, features engineering, data visualization and training and testing the machine learning algorithms for the energy consumption prediction model. The prototype was developed using Flask (a Python micro web framework) to enable the Building owners provide the prototype with data via web browser related to the 4 features selected for energy consumption prediction. Usability Test was done with 48.1% of the users strongly agreeing and 44.2% agreeing to use the prototype in future for prediction of electricity consumption in their buildings.
- ItemA Prototype of a virtual union catalogue for Kenya Library and Information Service Consortium (KLISC) member libraries.Gichiri, Peter Mwangi; Marwanga (Dr.), ReubenKenya lacks a national library union catalogue. As a result, researchers contend with overwhelming array of independent catalogues whenever they want to do inter-library research. Most libraries in Kenya are individually uploading their catalogues on the World Wide Web. Although this is a positive scenario, it does not address effectively role and nature of bibliographic information sharing. A fully functional national union remains the ultimate solution to inter-library research. This work involved gathering requirements, designing and developing a prototype for a Virtual Union Catalogue of Kenya Library and Information Services Consortium (KLISC) member libraries. We used online questionnaires generated using SurveyGizmo to gather data that informed the design of the virtual union catalogue gateway. The survey period covered 14th December 2010 at 7.00 am to 24th February 2011 at 12.00 pm. This work reveals the state and capacities of different KLISC member libraries to participate in the virtual union catalogue and suggestions on the design architecture of the virtual union catalogue. The Search/Retrieve via URL (SRU) query interface architecture was used to develop a functional virtual union catalogue prototype for KLISC member libraries. This data retrieval system model was adapted from Purdue University in Indiana United States of America. The prototype uses single query form to search individual libraries one at a time. Performing searches from a single portal provides a one-stop–shop for bibliographic data held by KLISC member libraries. This improves the records retrieval, enhances the inter-library loan services hence greatly reducing costs and effort incurred during inter-library loan operations. The achievement is notable in the realization of a union catalogue for the Kenya Library and Information services Consortium (KLISC).
- ItemAn Air quality prototype for monitoring greenhouse gas emissions(Strathmore University, 2021) Ngugi, Maureen NjeriIn the world today, every human being wishes to live in a healthy, unpolluted and sustainable environment. This is because such a clean environment enables one to thrive and be productive in all aspects. Such environments are free from anything that may cause diseases and other physical injuries. Unfortunately, as years go by, our world has faced environmental degradation, global warming and high levels of pollution. This has not only affected wildlife and ecosystems in various parts of the world but it has also affected human health. This is evident by various respiratory diseases that have emerged such as pneumonia, bronchitis and many other diseases. This dissertation presents research work that focused on Green House Gas emissions which are a contributing factor to environmental degradation. It is important to monitor the amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere as it enables individuals, governments and environmental bodies to take action to tackle these emissions. This research used a prototyping methodology by developing an air quality monitoring system for greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. It incorporated an air quality monitoring prototype by integrating IoT with Wireless Sensor Networks. Collected data was then uploaded into a cloud platform using the Blynk API which relayed real-time information to a mobile device. The developed prototype achieved 95% accuracy. The developed systems can be used by individuals and environmental bodies to draw various strategies on how to lower Green House Gas emissions and adapt greener technologies that will be of great benefit to the environment as well as for a sustainable ecosystem.
- ItemAn Algorithm for predicting road accidents based on traffic offence data(Strathmore University, 2017) Jwan, Levice ObongoDrivers with multiple records of road traffic violations for instance speeding, driving under influence of alcohol and using mobile phones while driving have been considered as a high risk group for possible involvement in road accidents. Studies have shown that there are links between these reckless behaviors and road accidents. It is therefore critical that such drivers be identified early in advance to eliminate that likelihood. Currently, the road traffic offence data collected by National Transport and Safety Authority for instance speeding and drunk driving data is solely used for reporting and prosecution hence not adequately utilized in ensuring road safety. Effective utilization of these data can positively impact road safety management since authorities can put in place mitigation mechanisms in order to prevent the frequent road accidents. The algorithm-based system developed in this study makes use of traffic offence data to predict the likelihood of a driver causing road accident. Data was gathered using close-ended questionnaires and interviews. The questionnaires and interviews intended to determine causes of road accidents and specific aspects about; booking an offender, relaying of traffic accident data and the need for a system among users within the transport sector in Kenya. Three categories of respondents were used; the National Transport and Safety Authority, the Kenya Police and the motorists. Similar questionnaires were given to the police and the NTSA officials while the motorists had their own set of questions. From the research, it emerged that the major causes of accidents in Kenya were; speeding, dangerous overlapping and drunk driving. Of the 37 respondents; 22 supported the algorithm-based system, indicating a 59.47% approval for the system. The implication of the research is that there will be more people booked for traffic offences and it will be possible for law enforcement to know the risk level of a driver based on the offences committed.
- ItemAn Analysis of ICT-based e-learning assistive technologies for blind students : a case study of Kenyatta University.(Strathmore University, 2009) Mbui, Samuel MwangiThe power of ICT in facilitating learning has increased in the recent past. ICT has enabled many people to access educational resources. In particular ICT has enabled e-learning programs in many Universities the world over. However ICT based e-learning poses accessibility issues with the blind students, who cannot access e-learning resources through the conventional methods used by the sighted students.E-learning platforms such as Ilearn, Moodle, eXe or WikiEducator, have been commonly used to post e-learning resources. Several assistive technologies such as JAWS sreen reader, the Dolphin pen, and braille display software have been developed to aid the blind students access e-learning resources. However, it has not been established whether these assistive technologies can help the blind to access all educational resources posted on e-learning platforms. The study therefore analyzed the ICT-based assistive technologies that were being used in Kenyatta University (KU) to incorporate the blind students in e-learning programs, the effectiveness of these assistive technologies and identified technological challenges faced when incorporating the blind students in the E-learning program.The study also proposed an abstract framework for addressing the challenges identified.The study adopted a diagnostic case study at KU targeting the academic staff in special education department, ICT resource centre for visually impaired and the blind students. The study established that most blind students pursued courses that were not their favorite due to the inaccessibility issues posed by assistive technologies.This limited the level of education to which the blind could achieve. The study concludes that the available assistive technology was not adequate to develop the academic potentials of the blind fully.The researcher recommended the development of an assistive technology that could access and display coded 3-dimensional graphics that could be interpreted through touch. The study suggested a framework to develop that technology.
- ItemAnalyzing error detection performance of checksums in embedded networks(Strathmore University, 2016) Mirza, Ali NaqiNetworks are required to transport data from one device to another with adequate precision. For a majority of applications a system is expected to ensure that received data and transmitted data is uniform and consistent. Many elements can change one or more bits of a message sent. Applications therefore need a procedure for the purpose of identification and correction of errors during transmission. Checksums are frequently used by embedded networks for the purpose of identifying errors in data transmission. But decisions regarding which checksum to utilize for error detection in embedded networks are hard to make, since there is an absence of statistics and knowledge about the comparative usefulness of choices available. The aim of this research was to analyze the error detection performance of these checksums frequently utilized: XOR, one‟s complement addition, two‟s complement addition, Adler checksum, Fletcher checksum, and Cyclic Redundancy Check (CRC) and to assess the error detection effectiveness of checksums for those networks which are prepared to give up error detection efficiency in order to curtail costs regarding calculations and computations, for those wanting uniformity between error identification and costs, and finally for those networks which are ready to yield elevated costs for notably enhanced error detection. Even though there is no one size fits all method available, this research gives recommendations in order to decide as to which checksum approach to adopt. A bit flip fault design with manufactured error simulations was utilized for this research. Mathematical technique used for the proposed fault design was Monte Carlo simulations using Mersenne twister random number generator. This study concludes that the error identification performance of XOR, and Adler checksums for arbitrary and autonomous bit and burst errors is below an accepted level, rather 1‟s and 2‟s complement checksums should be utilized for networks prepared to surrender error identification efficiency in order to minimize the cost of calculations. Fletcher checksum should be utilized by networks wanting symmetry between computational costs and error identification and CRCs by networks prepared to yield greater costs of computation for notably enhanced error identification.
- ItemAn Assessment of the audit trail in pension management information systems :a case study of the pension department(Strathmore University, 2012) Mboni, Alphaxard KyaloThe purpose of this study was to assess the existing Audit Trail Model of the Pension Management Information System (PMIS), in the Pensions Department of the Ministry of Finance, Kenya, to track the processing of pension claims. The study assessed the weakness of existing Audit Trail model in use, identify and propose Audit Trail model that will address the needs of PM IS and identify ways of improving the use of Audit Trail. The study was a purposive targeting the key informants; Pension Directors, PMIS Administrators, Pension Accountants, and Pension Clerks dealing with the PMIS in various units. The Retirees were reached through snow ball technique. Both quantitative and qualitative data collection techniques were used; secondary data collection was also used through existing newsletters, office memos, text books and journals. Quantitative data from questionnaires was analyzed and interpreted with the help of the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). Qualitative analysis was undertaken through summarizing, categorization and structuring of meaning by drawing relationships in the study results of the Audit Trail model. The study found that the Audit Trail in the PMIS does not keep a chronological record of events; information captured is scanty and can not help Pensions Directors make informed decisions. Further, the study found that the purpose of the Audit Trail in the PMIS as used by the Pension Management is only for security reasons and tracking the whereabouts of a particular file. On the basis of information gathered during the research a more appropriate Audit Trail Model is proposed. The research also provided a foundation for future research on the Audit Trail in Pension Systems of developing countries and on Pension Systems policies. The conclusions and recommendations on the model of Audit Trail provide the Government, development partners, consultants, retirees and other stakeholders with a clear idea of the contribution it can make, and how it can assist in prioritization, planning of resource allocation in the Pension Department and toward realizing vision 2030.
- ItemAsset management system in the Government of Kenya(2013-11-14) Wambugu, Ndumia P.The purpose of this study was to assess the benefits of adoption of an asset management system in the public sector in Kenya. The study was guided by the following specific objectives; to determine the present state of asset management, determine the role an asset management system; analyze the present model for implementing an asset management system and to determine how the present model can be improved for successful implementation of an asset management system in the Government of Kenya. The research design for this study was a case study design. The population of interest for this study was employees from the Ministry of Finance. Stratified random sampling was used to select 70 respondents across the strata. Both quantitative and qualitative data was used in this study. Quantitative data was collected using a semi structured questionnaire. Qualitative data was collected by the use of interview guides. Secondary data were used; sources included text books, journals, newsletters, asset management implementation model manuals. Statistical Package for Social Science Software (SPSS) was used to help in analysis of quantitative data. The study found out that asset management in the government was not integrated across departments and therefore procurement department was most entrusted with the role of asset management. Study observed that previous AMS implementation process attempt did not observe the set timelines due to lack of policy, inclusion in implementation process and 'buy in' by the employees. Poor integration of activities within departments, lack of standardization in categorization/cataloging of assets, lack of AMS flexibility in its operation and poor design of the asset management model were challenges mentioned to hamper AMS implementation process. Study concludes that AM information system in the government is faced by various design, operation and implementation challenges leading to it being stalled. AM in the government remains exclusively a decision making process. The system also fails to integrate various departments either for regular information flow, monetary or occasional information.
- ItemBusiness process automation for Legislative and Procedural Services in the National Assembly: a case of the Kenyan Parliament(Strathmore University, 2018) Nduati, Paul NjaagaParliament as an institution and as the legislative arm of government still uses paper-based office processes to conduct its business. This accentuates the problem of meeting deadlines as stipulated by the constitution and failure to meet these deadlines result in Parliament forfeiting its mandate. This research proposed to develop a prototype automating the table office processes in the Legislative and Procedural Services (LPS) Department in the Kenyan Parliament. Secondary research on existing literature was gathered and analysed about key implementations in parliamentary systems mainly Portugal, Armenia and the United Nations. A conceptual framework was developed based on the secondary data. Primary research on the viability of such a system was done incorporating key stake holders in the Kenyan legislature. Finally, a prototype was proposed, designed and developed. The system prototype aims to improve productivity and efficiency by creating and automating the workflows derived from the paper-based processes in the LPS department in the Kenyan Parliament. The goal of the system is to have a paperless office work environment for Parliamentary staff. The system was tested by the research participants from the Legal and Procedural Servicers’ Department of the Kenyan parliament. Further, changes and improvement were proposed such as the inclusion of biometric processes as well as the development of inter-governmental systems to automate communication between different parliaments. All these steps proved that indeed table office automation can be a great improvement of the existing processes in the Kenyan parliament as well as globally
- ItemBusiness Processes Reengineering and Change Management in Public Sector: A case of Implementing an Integrated Financial Management Information System (lFMIS) in the Ministry of Finance-Kenya(Strathmore University, 2011) Kaua, Pius MuchaiThe Government of Kenya through the ministry of finance has been implementing IFMIS from the year 2003 which is intended to bring sanity in public spending. The project is intended to cover budgeting, accounts, procurement, asset management and projects management modules. Currently only the accounts and procurement modules have been implemented in all the accounting units. Implementation is done in a phased approach. The accounting modules of the project are aimed at increasing efficiency of the accounting services, timely reporting and integrating all its business functions. Efficiency and accountability has presented themselves as major challenges across all public expenditure entities. It is for these reasons that ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) vendors like Oracle and SAP amongst others have come up with solutions that are meant to address these problems. The study focused on examining how IFMIS has managed Business Process Re¬engineering (BPR) on the accounting operations in government and challenges faced in the process of change management. In addition, the research seeks to establish how to manage change as a result of business process re-engineering. Specifically, the study examined the aims and objectives of the IFMIS in determining whether the system is addressing the problems it was meant to solve. The study used descriptive and exploratory research methods. The respondents were drawn from three departments in the Ministry of Finance, who are the key users in the accounting unit. The study established that business process re-engineering, change management; top management support and development of an implementation plan are critical success factors in ERP implementation. The implementation of IFMIS led to an increase in work efficiency due to increased accountability and work done within the time limit.
- ItemCentralized public parking management - case study of County Government of Nairobi(Strathmore University, 2020) Kang’ethe, Evans MungaiCommuting in Nairobi is part of life for anyone living within the city. This has seen the exponential growth of vehicles that operate within the county. The county government is in charge of controlling parking spaces which are limited. The methods used are mostly manual and several automated parking which also has limitations and is highly inefficient. Manual processes are lengthy with low accuracy of actual operations and accountability. This involves lots of manpower, which is costly, inconsistent, and inefficient. This has an effect on productivity of the economy since time and revenue are lost. This research will be aimed at evaluating the current system and finding ways to make it effective, efficient and convenient to both the county citizens and government. Information will be collected on the existing method used to parking management, analyzed to establish current gaps and a recommendation of the best approach will be presented. There is need for a holistic approach to managing parking in the count of Nairobi. A system that aggregates all parking slots centrally and identifies each uniquely. The system will be accessible from anywhere using a web based enabled interface. The drivers in the county will be able to log in and preserve slots at a defined time on a first come first serve basis. This will coordinate traffic flow in a more efficient way since the system is able to predict estimated number of vehicles expected in the city per unit of time apart from those that will be in transit and not stopping. It will improve the approach used to coordinate parking, people involved with the efforts required and the technology that is currently being used. Administration of the system will be centralized and accountability methods stringent.
- ItemA Conceptual data mining model (DMM) used in Selective Dissemination of Information (SDI) : case study - Strathmore University Library(Strathmore University, 2010) Ambayo, Jackson AlungaThe process of locating and acquiring relevant information from libraries is getting more complicated due to the vast amount of information resource one has to plough through. To serve users purposefully a library should be able to avail to users’ tools and services that will lessen the task of searching of documents and be more of an information provider. A data mining model that would be used in the selective dissemination of information is proposed. The purpose would be to link users’ information needs to the available and relevant information materials. This requires technologies much like search engines that will be specialised at rummaging through library databases and mining bibliographical enthes and user details to come up with what could be the closest to determining and anticipating user patterns and demand within libraries A case study approach was taken with the collection and analysis of data. Random sampling technique facilitated the choice of 100 library users and library staff from which data was collected using self-administered and researcher administered questionnaires. Data was analyzed and presented using descriptive statistics, cross tabulations and graphs, by the use of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 12. It was ascertained that there is a demand of relevant information amongst the students with academic, financial and employment information being the highest sought. The OPAC, classmate referrals were the most highly sought information seeking mechanisms relied on. Majority of the users were of the opinion that they would prefer a systems that offers them the choice of selectively acquiring and informing them of the availability of relevant resources, as well as them (users’) having doing their own searches.
- ItemCritical success factors for SAP implementation : a model for implementing SAP projects in Kenya.(Strathmore University, 2009) Muthamia, Charles KirimiThe terms of ERP implementation is huge in terms of financial and human resource requirements. It is therefore important that proper planning of any ERP project is undertaken to ensure that it achieves its initial objectives. The success of any information systems project is determined by the methods, tools and procedures adopted in its implementation. It is therefore critical that appropriate methods, best practices, tools and procedures are used in project implementation to increase chances of success. This study is focused on the Systems Applications Product (SAP) implementation of Kenya and sought to understand the critical success factors for SAP project implementation, the best practices for SAP implementations and finally come up with a model for SAP implementation in Kenya The study established that top management support, effective project management business process re-engineering, data conversion and phased project implementation approach are critical to success in SAP project implementation in Kenya. Political interference has been noted as major cause of delay of projects in Kenya. Accelerated SAP (ASAP), an implementation methodology for SAP is preferred for SAP implementations in Kenya. It incorporates all the best practices required for a successful SAP implementation in Kenya. It incorporates all the best practices required for a successful SAP implementation in Kenya. This methodology was used by more than 90% of the companies that had implemented SAP in Kenya. The study finally recommends a model SAP implementation that requires senior management to devlop and implement strategy that directs the middle management level in laying a project and change management infrastructure. Operational teams from various business functions then designs the business procedures to accommodate business operations in SAP.
- ItemA Deep learning-based system for de-identification of personal health information on mobile devices(Strathmore University, 2021) Musila, Daniel MutisoCommunication in healthcare has evolved from older technologies like pagers to present day smartphone devices. The change has been largely driven by the capability of smartphones to facilitate information exchange at greater speed and efficiency to manage the rising patient numbers, complexity of cases and the multiple disciplines in modern medicine. Instant messaging services like WhatsApp offer a channel which meets most of these needs. This communication often involves exchange of patient clinical data containing Protected Health Information (PHI). Various laws and policies have been enacted in various geographies and jurisdictions to safeguard the confidentiality of patients through strict management of PHI. During the normal course of care provision, healthcare professionals and organizations are expected to maintain full confidentiality and integrity of the data against unauthorized exposure. Whenever patient data needs to be shared with external parties for research use, informed consent must be obtained from the data subjects along with an oversight of their activities by a relevant review board. The widespread use of smartphones and popular instant messaging applications in modern healthcare however presents security and data protection challenges which need urgent addressing. De-identification of the data offers an avenue to address these concerns, allowing clinical data containing PHI to be shared among healthcare providers and/or researchers with minimized risks. Deep learning de-identification systems demonstrate superior performance over other approaches. They are generally deployed on high-end workstations in medical facilities and research centres, or on cloud-based infrastructure. However, on-premises deployments present infrastructural, connectivity and cost implications while cloud de-identification services may involve transmitting sensitive data across different jurisdictions therefore potentially breaching data residency regulations. On the other hand, smartphone use worldwide continues to see incredible growth with mobile processors becoming more powerful and versatile. Deep learning models can be deployed on Android-based smartphones to perform complex tasks such as de-identification of PHI. This is in line with the growing interest and research in edge computing, where computations are carried out as close to data sources as possible as an alternative to cloud computing. Concretely, this research proposes a mobile-based de-identification system, in which the deep learning model is optimized and embedded onto a smartphone application from which de-identification can be done. Specifically, Long Short-Term Memory (LSTM) artificial neural networks will be leveraged to develop a deep learning model which can then be ported onto the Android operating system to be embedded into a mobile de-identification application.
- ItemDesign and implementation of data warehouse and business intelligence system for decision making within a DT-SACCO ecosystem: case study of DT-SACCO in Nairobi, Kenya(Strathmore University, 2022) Adeyemi, Olaoye JohnThe implementation of data warehouse and business intelligence systems for decision making within a Deposit Taking Savings and Credit Corporative (DT SACCO) ecosystem in Nairobi, Kenya. DT SACCO are a subsection of SACCO which is similar to credit union (CU) in Europe, Americas and other parts of the world. The DT SACCOs perform regular activities similar to that of a regular bank. Banks in Kenya which are one of the major competitors of the DT SACCOs have different technologies to study the market trends and predict in advance what they have to invest in for them to beat their competitions. However, the DT SACCO is still catching up technology-wise. As the use of technology grows amongst the DT SACCOs, the ability to make decisions for the managers is becoming more difficult as it takes longer time for them to wait for reports from different departments to support the decision they make. It is important to have a clear 360-degree view of the business before making critical decisions. For a full view of the business data to be obtained, it is critical to integrate disparate data sources within the ecosystem of the DT SACCO. An implementation of data warehouse done by the Boeing Employee Credit Union (BECU) has seen the CU members gain in terms of Return-to-Members. "Return-to-member is the number of dollars the member has saved by doing business with BECU, as opposed to doing business with a commercial bank. This metric is calculated by adding the average dollars saved due to no fee services, dollars saved on lower interest loans, and dollars earned due to higher interest on savings. As of July 2000, the return-to-member value at BECU was $272, meaning that each member saves $272 annually by doing business with BECU rather than one of their commercial competitors." (O'Hara & Brohman, 2002). Implementation of data warehouse and business intelligence system within a DT SACCO ecosystem will provide support for decision making that will make members save more money and access better services from their respective SACCOs.
- ItemA Duplicate number plate detection system using fixed location cameras(Strathmore University, 2021) Kibunja, Kelvin PeterVehicle registration is a legal necessity to all, any vehicle purchased must be registered and the purpose of this registration is to assist in vehicle identification. The vehicle identifier is usually a metal or plastic plate patched on the front or rear part of a vehicle and contains unique alphanumeric characters. If vehicles on the road do not have any unique identifying tags or have the wrong tags, people will have, an opportunity to be mischievous as no one will be able to identify or account for any vehicle. Hence, through vehicle registration one can be able to identify and prove ownership of the vehicle. In order to hide the identity vehicles are disguised by cloning the number plates which aids in providing inaccurate ownership details. Without the correct ownership details, it is difficult to trace any vehicle involved in an illegal activity be it theft, terrorism, to mention but a few. In Kenya for people to discover that a vehicle has duplicate number late, the vehicle must have attracted the police attention, and this could be through being involved in an illegal activity. This system of number plate identification is usually a posterior to a crime, and it entails conducting a search with the Kenya National Transport Safety Authority (NTSA). In a country like Britain, the system in place to identify number plates is a deterrent one, whereby fixed location cameras capture images of vehicle’s number plates then compare with what is in their regional registration database. In Kenya this system would work perfectly well but in cases where we have duplicates it will be an issue since it will be difficult to flag out one. To curb the problem, the researcher intends to use fixed location cameras to identify duplicate number plates. From the image, the system extracts the vehicle number plate, colour and model. Time and location of the image capture is recorded, and this will assist in comparison of the details captured. The researcher uses image processing and artificial neural network in identifying the colour and model of the vehicle. Prototyping methodology and analysis approach is used in developing the model as it allows development of independent modules on large scale applications.
- ItemE-government interoperability(Strathmore University, 2015-01) Mulinge, Victor MuiaGovernments face continued pressure to increase their performance with the aim to improve efficiency and service delivery to their stakeholders, customers and citizens. To improve efficiency and performance, Governments adopt e-Government models and Information and Communication Technology (lCT) solutions as enablers and vehicles for transforming public administration. As part of the transformational process, Public Services need to transform themselves into an integrated entity that responds to the needs of its stakeholders, customers and citizens. The study sought to achieve the following objectives: To identify challenges relating to heterogeneous systems in Kenya ; To identify the forms of technical interoperability that exists within the Public Service of Kenya; To establish the factors influencing the adoption of interoperability within the Public Service of Kenya and lastly to propose a framework that will be required to establish technical interoperability to facilitate the sharing and exchange of data within the Public Service in a standardized manner. The study used a qualitative research approach of descriptive type in which explorative research was combined with case study research. As part of the explorative research process, literature study was carried .out to clarify the different aspects ' (e.g., interoperability maturity, interoperability adoption factors) of interoperability and to identify distributed 'architectural forms available for establishing interoperability. Data was gathered for Information Systems interoperability cases through semi-structured interviews from Public Service Information Technology (IT) Managers and IT Staff. The analysis findings indicated that technical interoperability was limited to a small number of public service organizations .arid that technical interoperability between Information Systems was at a low ‘Ievel of 'sophistication and compliance. The analysis findings further indicated that there was a need to increase the level of technical interoperability sophistication and compliance between Information Systems and to further Model (CAM) was developed and proposed. The model provides technical interoperability guidance through a conceptual, layered and distribution architecture. The study concludes that the Cooperative Architectural Model (CAM) .proposed in this study meets the architectural requirements identified and serves as a conceptual architectural blueprint for achieving the desired state of technical interoperability within the Public Service of Kenya.
- ItemE-Learning technologies adoption framework for enhanced productivity of small and medium enterprises in Kenya(Strathmore University, 2016) Thuo, Nicholas MbuguaThe potential of e-learning in transforming the performance of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) through its effects on employee productivity and hence organizational output is acknowledged in literature in both developing and developed countries. The ubiquitous nature of e-learning offers unlimited opportunity for employees to engage in learning and act as a catalyst for transformation through lifelong learning. However, there is a dearth of empirical evidence in the Kenyan context on adoption of e-learning in SMEs as well as success. The purpose of this study was therefore to examine usage of e-learning by SMEs and the outcomes as measured by performance of SMEs in Kenya with a view to proposing a framework for enhanced adoption of e-learning in these organizations. The study was guided by the Roger’s Diffusion of Innovation Theory, a theory that identifies the determinants of the uptake of an innovation such as e-learning. The study adopted the descriptive design entailing a survey of 100 HR Managers and 100 employees of SMEs in the 2015-16 top 100 SMEs from a survey done annually by KPMG Kenya and Nation Media Group. A sample of 50 HR Managers and 50 employees were selected for the survey using simple random sampling techniques and purposive sampling respectively. The SME HR questionnaire and the SME Employee questionnaire were used to collect both quantitative and qualitative data on the extent, determinants, and outcomes of use of e-learning in the SMEs. Quantitative data analysis was done through descriptive statistics to demonstrate the extent, outcomes and challenges of adoption of e-learning in SMEs. Qualitative through thematic grouping and descriptions. With regards to the extent of adoption of e-learning in the SMEs the study found limited adoption of e-learning, with only 10 firms out of the study 50 SMEs reporting adoption. On the influence of employer factors on adoption, the perceptions were positive on all aspects such as innovativeness and IT competencies. On the employee aspects of e-learning usage, the study found positive perceptions on ease of use and user satisfaction, which were in turn, proxy measures of satisfaction with the quality of the information on the system and the system itself. On the outcomes of e-learning on employers and employees, the study reported positive perceptions on these outcomes. The most influential barriers were organizational and technical. The study therefore concludes that although there is limited adoption of e-learning among SMEs, there are many positive characteristics among adopting firms. The study therefore recommends more support for infrastructure to support e-learning for SMEs among government and the business sector and more studies on the influence of pedagogical aspects such as content and media design.
- ItemE-portfolio model for student assessment in education : a case of Nairobi secondary schools(Strathmore University, 2016) Maate, Philip MalingaA number of public secondary schools in Kenya lack a properly operational information management system to capture student academic and personal data as an evidence to show one’s learning journey over time. From the current system it is difficult to isolate student’s personal traits or talents such as negotiation skills, public relations, or even other key goals as stipulated in the Kenyan secondary school syllabus like promoting love for and loyalty to the nation. A good information management system inform of e-portfolio in a school would provide data on evidence of student’s abilities in a holistic sense and show a complete picture of what a student is. Such a system would be a better basis for informing interested parties like universities and potential employers of the student’s abilities other than use of test scores only. This study sought to develop an e-portfolio model that could aid in assessment in public secondary schools in Kenya. The study also sought to establish the content requirements for e-portfolios in public secondary schools within Nairobi County. This study adopted exploratory research design of a case study of public secondary schools in Nairobi County. Random sampling was used to select the sample size. Data collection was done through survey method where questionnaires were used. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics. The results from the analyzed data were used as an indicator to the content requirements of an assessment e-portfolio in public secondary schools.
- ItemEffect of ICT integration on teaching and learning in higher institutions : case of KCA University(Strathmore University, 2011) Mondo, Fredrick OmondiThe underlying principle for integrating ICT in education is based on three vital rationales namely, the economic, the social and pedagogical rationales. In the view of the above, the universities need to adopt ICT in their instructional delivery for their critical role in the human resource development in a country. By so doing universities will produce a work force that is able to construct knowledge, form and sustain social networks as well as a workforce that is empowered through knowledge acquisition to participate in the society. Despite these important contributions of ICT, little is known about how Kenyan universities have integrated them in their teaching and learning, which is critical to obtaining benefits enumerated above. The purpose of this study is to examine the extent of integration of ICT in teaching and learning from the perspective of the lecturers and students in Kenyan Universities. A case study approach was taken with the collection and analysis of data. Stratified sampling technique was used to select 42 and 15 respondents from a population of 7000 and 110 students and lecturers from KCA University respectively. Two questionnaires, one for each stratum was used, data was analyzed and presented using descriptive statistics, cross tabulations and graphs, by the use of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16. This study is likely to provide educational planners and policy makers in Kenya with an outline on which to have ICT framework that improve the quality of teaching and learning in the universities. From the lecturers' viewpoint, a study of this nature is likely to provide them with the direction for the improvement of their own teaching. From the students' viewpoint, this study is likely to help them to know the vast available ICT equipments that can be used for effective learning