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An Assessment of the relationship between capital Markets development and economic growth in Kenya
(Strathmore University, 2021) Kilel, Viola Chelangat
This study investigated the relationship between capital markets development and economic growth in Kenya for the period 2000-2019 The study used Gross Domestic Product (GOP) as the dependent variable and market capitalization, equity market turnover, bone! Market turnover as the independent variables, 91-day T -Bill as the control variable and exchange rates as the moderating variable. The data was analysed using STATA version 14.0. Statistical analyses including Descriptive statistics, Optimal Lag length selection, ARDL Bound tests for cointegration, Stationarity Test, ARDL ECM model , ECM, goodness of fit test, diagnostic tests and stability tests were undertaken. From the results, it is evident that capital market development has a significant positive effect on economic growth in Kenya. The study findings revealed that market capitalization had a significantly negative effect on GDP in the short run and a significantly positive effect on GOP in the long run. Flll1her, equity market turnover had a significantly positive effect on economic growth short run and a significantly negative effect on economic growth in the long run. Bond market turnover results indicated the presence of a significantly positive effect at first difference in the short run and a significantly negative effect on economic growth in the long run. The study's bound test statistic validates the presence of long run effect of the model on GDP as f-value as well as above the critical values. The study recommends that CMA and Capital markets industry stakeholders should implement initiatives that will support market activity and securities subscriptions in a bid to increase Market Capitalization, Equity Turnover and Bond Turnover percentage contribution to GDP. flll1her, it recommends the National Treasury to review sustainability of economic development and the suitability of the operating and economic environment for the growth and development of the domestic capital markets. In conclusion, domestic capital market plays a fundamental role as an engine for economic growth as revealed by the study findings.
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Effect of information technology integration on lean production: a case of Nestle Kenya
(Strathmore University, 2020) Mbula, Susan
Lean production in the business improves productivity and competence by that business stability and profitability can be achieved per the recent trends in the business management and technology. Lean production cannot achieve the organizational goals alone. It need some support such as strategic planning, leadership and techno logy. Successful lean implementation can be done by using the information technology in enterprise, by integrating the lean and IT, misalignment can be eliminated which results in exact product output with least waste. By integrating lean and IT. An enterprise maintains their financial data, client orders and purchasing. The broad research objective was to investigate the effect of information technology integration on production in Nestle· Kenya. Specific objectives included; determining the effect of I IT integration on lean external IT integration on lean production in Nestle· Kenya, and also determining the role of knowledge management on the two relationships. An ex post facto and causal research design was adopted because it established the cause and effect relationship. The target population were all the employees of Nestle Kenya, numbering 70. The study employed primary data which was collected by use of a close ended questionnaire. It was a case study because entailed analyzing one firm, Nestle' Kenya. It was a cross-sectional study since data was collected across several units in a uniform timeframe. Data was analyzed through SPSS and interpretation through quantitative methods as per objectives and questions of the research. The study utilized descriptive statistics to gauge the existence of IT integration and utilization of lean management in Nestle ' Kenya. The researcher employed inferential statistics. Which included correlation analysis, simple linear regression, and hierarchical multiple linear regression to analyze data collected during the study. The study established that there is a significant association and relationship between both internal and external IT integration and lean production. Finally, the study established that knowledge management does not play a significant moderating role on the two relationships. The study established that internal IT integration had a positive significant association with lean production implementation and a significant positive effect on lean production. The study makes recommendations to the policy makers in the ministry of trade and industrialization, KAM, KNCCJ. Other bodies, practitioners in the industrial sector, and consultants to implement both internal and external IT integration in order to boost LP implementation. Thus, the stakeholders should engage IT in human resource management, customer credit procedures. Product development and research risk management systems and ERP systems. Additionally they should engage IT in customer relationship management and marketing processes. In addition, they should divide lead time in a supply chain into electronic ordering in limitation lead-time and physical material movement lead-time share demand and inventory data with suppliers/distributors to shorten the order processing to select most appropriate supplier. The study makes further recommendations that there should also be focus on knowledge management when utilizing IT integration to augment lean production.
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Effect of organizational behaviour modification on service delivery at the immigration department, Kenya.
(Strathmore University, 2021) Gitau, Sankara Caroline
This research established the effect of organizational behavior modification on service delivery at the Immigration department in Nairobi, Kenya. The specific objectives included: a) to find out the effect of reinforcement strategies on service delivery, b) to determine the effect of employees' readiness on service delivery, and c) to establish how aligning objectives of organizational behavior modification with organization goals affect service delivery. The study adopted a descriptive design with a population of 695 respondents. A scientific sampling method was adopted and data was collected using an online questionnaire survey technique. The quantitative data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Specifically, this study conducted a linear regression analysis to illustrate the combined effect of predictor variables on service delivery. The analysis established a significant positive relationship between employees' readiness to change and service delivery (p- value = 0.000 < 0.05). Also, there exists a significant positive relationship between aligning objectives of organizational behavior modification with organization goal and service delivery (p -value = 0.000 < 0.05). However, the study established an insignificant positive relationship between reinforcement strategies and service delivery (p - value = 0.225 >0.05). The implication of the findings of this study to the Immigration department is that behavioral changes require readiness at the individual level. Importantly, the management should also find a way to align the objectives of the behavior modification to organization goals to create a comprehensive and strategic behavioral objective that employees strive to achieve, directly and indirectly, to improve service delivery. The study recommends the need to emphasize behavior modification at an individual and organizational level as it is an area that directly determines the culture of group employees and the organization in general regarding areas of further research, the study recommends other studies to be unde1iaken in other government agencies. There is also a need to identify and include other dimensions of organizational behavior modification and determine how they affect service delivery in public institutions in further research.
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The Effect of organizational culture on performance of employees in private universities in Kenya
(Strathmiore University, 2021) Onyango, Brenda Pamela
Culture is a key factor in achieving organizational goals and objectives. The main objective of this study was to determine the influence of organizational culture on employee performance in private universities in Kenya. The specific objectives were: to establish the effect of mission trait, adaptability trait, involvement trait and consistency trait on performance of employees in private universities in Kenya. The research study was anchored on Schein's model of Organizational Culture and the Goal-setting theory. A descriptive research design was used in conducting the study. Population of study was all the private universities in Kenya. A total sample of 196 respondents was drawn from the 14 private chartered universities in Kenya. Primary data was collected through a structured questionnaire which contained closed ended questions. The data collected was inspected for completeness and recorded in Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 24 for analysis. Data collected was analyzed using descriptive statistics, correlation analysis and regression analysis. The results were that there was a positive correlation between involvement, consistency, adaptability and performance. However, there was a weak correlation between mission trait and performance of employees in private universities in Kenya. Further there was a strong coefficient of determination between culture and performance. This study contributes to theory by building on the theoretical framework such as Denison model and improving on the understanding of culture, and the possible effect that culture traits could have on employee performance. Empirically, the study guides management practices by diagnosing culture traits as the initial stages of managing people effectively. The findings of this study were limited to the culture traits by Denison and employee performance adopted by the researcher. The study was also limited to data collected using cross sectional survey, yet organizational culture may be affected by technological advancements, unprecedented occurrences and time which may affect how business is carried out in organizations. The response rate was limited by the conditions of COVID-19 pandemic.
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The Relationship between Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) and profitability of listed companies in the Nairobi Securities Exchange (NSE)
(Strathmore University, 2014) Olang'o Josephine Adhiambo
This study explores the extent and components of corporate social responsibility disclosure by listed companies in the Nairobi Securities Exchange. The study also reveals that companies have been at the forefront of adopting voluntary corporate social responsibility disclosure in order to enhance firm performance and attract investors while guaranteeing the stake of existing stakeholders. To maximize on the benefits of corporate social responsibility disclosure and improve stability of the firm, shareholders, managers, policymakers and other stakeholders need to appreciate the gains made so far and understand what factors influence the same. A panel data set of listed companies' corporate social responsibility disclosure information was tabulated using an un-weighted corporate social responsibility disclosure index. The study applies the least squares regression technique in exploring the relationships between corporate social responsibility disclosure and financial performance as measured by return on equity. The study reveals that there has been a consistent growth in CSR disclosure practices by companies listed in the Nairobi Securities Exchange from a low average of 121 words in (2003) to a commendable average of 1,527 words in (2012). The quality of CSR disclosure also increased from a low average of 29% in (2003) to 89% in (2012). A similar trend was also observed in financial performance with a steady increase in profitability as measured by return on equity from a low average of -6% in (2003) to a commendable average of 21% in (20 11 ). The study further reveals that the following independent variables in the PROF model are positively related to PROF. These are; corporate social responsibility as measured by the number of words used in the annual reports to disclose CSR and corporate social responsibility as measured by the quality of disclosure with the components employees, environment, education, health, community involvement and sponsorship or donations. This result holds when panel data methodology is adopted because it combines time and cross-sectional or group data. However, when results are analysed individually as shown on Table 4.6 (page 61), we obtain mixed results where independent variables CSRQTTY and CSRQL TY give mixed results in their relationship with profitability as measured by return on equity (PROF). That there is a noted increase in corporate social responsibility disclosure and financial performance is an achievement to all stakeholders. The knowledge of the specific parameters where there is no disclosure forms a critical partt of what should now be the focus for improvement by the managers and regulators.