Browsing MSc. CIS Theses and Dissertations by Issue Date
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- ItemA Model for e-government in local authorities in Kenya(Strathmore University, 2009) Ogot, Benter A.Many local authorities in Kenya lag behind in provision of good services to its citizens. It has been observed in other municipalities which provide satisfactory services to its citizens that c-government is an enabler for provision of good services. This research project aims at developing a framework for e-government to be used in local authorities in Kenya. This has been done by researching on e-government concepts and on how other cities in the world have used e-government to enhance service delivery and efficiency. Services offered by Kenyan municipalities are studied with the aim of identifying priority areas when developing c-government. There are 175 local authorities in Kenya. Three cities, three municipal councils, three town councils and three county councils are studied. These are examined in terms of the services they offer and the extent of IT usage in order to help identify the kinds of systems which are needed in the back office in order to give a guide as to what needs to be included in the municipality’s portals. The municipal ICT environment is also studied in order to determine what needs to be in place before the implementation of e-government and how to go about doing so. The research shows that most people come to the council to pay bills and that all the municipalities lack adequate infrastructure which needs to be addressed before c-government could be launched Out. An c-government framework has been developed which has at its foundation the infrastructure local authorities need to put in place. It has also been established that unlike the models for c-government for developed countries, mobile payment systems could be launched out at the initial stages after critical applications have been deployed as many people are more comfortable with the mobile technology rather than the internet. An implementation guideline has been produced to give a guided step on how to implement the framework. It is envisaged that this research would be useful to a municipality which would like to implement c-government but has no idea on where to start.
- ItemThe framework of an e-learning site for secondary schools in Nairobi.(strathmore University, 2009) Omondi, Stephen KennedyThe demand for secondary school education in Nairobi and Kenya as a whole has been growing rapidly due to the exponential population growth witnessd since independence from the colonial power great britain in 1963 and, for the case of Nairobi, the increasing rate of rural-urban migration.This has caused a major strain on an education system that is already dogged by issues of ever changing course content, huge government expenditure on education, queries on the quality of teacher training and archaic methods of knowledge management and communication.Questions are being asked as to whether the current education system, 8-4-4, is preparing the country to meet its goals and objectives. With the premise the researcher embarked on a project that revealed that though the key players in the secondary school education system have the will to embrace modern methods of instruction and knowledge management, Information Technology (IT) is being used merely for routine basic processes such as word processing and therefore missing out on its true potential value.It was also discovered that the teachers teaching science subjects and mathematics which can take advantage of this technology have themselves very low computer training (41 percent being certificate holders and a shocking 15 percent having no formal education in computers). The researcher therefore developed a framework of an e-learning website to make secondary education more exciting, energetic, enthusiastic, emotional,extended, excellent, and educational in addition to being electronic.This was achieved by doing a thorough research of the content, technology and services applicable in Nairobi.The researcher went a head and tested this framework by designing a prototype website (www.e-learning.kenya) made up of a collection of related web pages, images, videos and other digital assets written in HTML and demonstration data stored in a database using Microsoft Access.
- ItemAn Analysis of ICT-based e-learning assistive technologies for blind students : a case study of Kenyatta University.(Strathmore University, 2009) Mbui, Samuel MwangiThe power of ICT in facilitating learning has increased in the recent past. ICT has enabled many people to access educational resources. In particular ICT has enabled e-learning programs in many Universities the world over. However ICT based e-learning poses accessibility issues with the blind students, who cannot access e-learning resources through the conventional methods used by the sighted students.E-learning platforms such as Ilearn, Moodle, eXe or WikiEducator, have been commonly used to post e-learning resources. Several assistive technologies such as JAWS sreen reader, the Dolphin pen, and braille display software have been developed to aid the blind students access e-learning resources. However, it has not been established whether these assistive technologies can help the blind to access all educational resources posted on e-learning platforms. The study therefore analyzed the ICT-based assistive technologies that were being used in Kenyatta University (KU) to incorporate the blind students in e-learning programs, the effectiveness of these assistive technologies and identified technological challenges faced when incorporating the blind students in the E-learning program.The study also proposed an abstract framework for addressing the challenges identified.The study adopted a diagnostic case study at KU targeting the academic staff in special education department, ICT resource centre for visually impaired and the blind students. The study established that most blind students pursued courses that were not their favorite due to the inaccessibility issues posed by assistive technologies.This limited the level of education to which the blind could achieve. The study concludes that the available assistive technology was not adequate to develop the academic potentials of the blind fully.The researcher recommended the development of an assistive technology that could access and display coded 3-dimensional graphics that could be interpreted through touch. The study suggested a framework to develop that technology.
- ItemCritical success factors for SAP implementation : a model for implementing SAP projects in Kenya.(Strathmore University, 2009) Muthamia, Charles KirimiThe terms of ERP implementation is huge in terms of financial and human resource requirements. It is therefore important that proper planning of any ERP project is undertaken to ensure that it achieves its initial objectives. The success of any information systems project is determined by the methods, tools and procedures adopted in its implementation. It is therefore critical that appropriate methods, best practices, tools and procedures are used in project implementation to increase chances of success. This study is focused on the Systems Applications Product (SAP) implementation of Kenya and sought to understand the critical success factors for SAP project implementation, the best practices for SAP implementations and finally come up with a model for SAP implementation in Kenya The study established that top management support, effective project management business process re-engineering, data conversion and phased project implementation approach are critical to success in SAP project implementation in Kenya. Political interference has been noted as major cause of delay of projects in Kenya. Accelerated SAP (ASAP), an implementation methodology for SAP is preferred for SAP implementations in Kenya. It incorporates all the best practices required for a successful SAP implementation in Kenya. It incorporates all the best practices required for a successful SAP implementation in Kenya. This methodology was used by more than 90% of the companies that had implemented SAP in Kenya. The study finally recommends a model SAP implementation that requires senior management to devlop and implement strategy that directs the middle management level in laying a project and change management infrastructure. Operational teams from various business functions then designs the business procedures to accommodate business operations in SAP.
- ItemRelevance of usability to development of cellular technology.(Strathmore University, 2009) Walela, Pius WThe project sought to analyze usability of mobile technology.It drew to attention previously overlooked factors that are key to realizing a practical effective technology based on the needs of the user end.The project analyzed 120 professionals through use of questionnaire.The population was split equally to cover both practitioners in the private and public sectors.Data was gathered through purposive sampling which which entailed identification of information technology professionals in both the private and public sectors. The data was presented through the use of charts and tables.The likert scale and ANOVA were used to analysed the data gathered.The data touched on perceived usability, perceived ease of use, subjective norm and intent of future use of the particular technology.These factors were hypothesized to have an effect on the use and adoption of mobile technologies. The frame work was based on the integrated technology acceptance model which informed both the hypothesis and the proposed adoption model. From the data gathered and analyzed the proposed analytical mobile technology acceptance model was informed.This model akin to the technology acceptance model theorized that perceived usability, perceived ease of use and perceived compatibility drive the intent to adopt and use mobile technology ultimately impacting overt behaviour in kind.Thus other factors such as economic and organizational support are theorized to be auxiliary factors.Further, Nokia has a significant advantage in terms of brand, closely followed by Motorola the third Samsung. Majority of those surveyed, 65% alluded to having owned phones prior to actually purchasing their current sets of phones As regards the private sector friends at 17.24% were the greatest influencers. Newspapers and the internet tied at 12.06% for second and third.That most users have at least owned a mobile phone over the past 12 months, and secondly followed by persons who have owned two phones over the same period.The research further recommended that the key methodologies be further analyzed to improve their accuracy.
- ItemA Framework for use of ICTs in poverty alleviation in Kenya(Strathmore University, 2009) Waita, Sarah W.Theres a common belief that ICTs can be used in poverty alleviation and despite the much effort to improve their access and use, theres no framework for use of ICTs in poverty alleviation for Kenya. This study therefore sought to develop such a framework by using a combination of poverty data and the national ICT status data. Other objectives of the study were to review the poverty patterns, review ICTs growth patterns and relate poverty and ICTs in Kenya. In order to achieve these objectives data was collected from the Kenya National Bureau of Statistics (KNBS) and the Communication Commission of Kenya (CCK) and analysed quantitatively to compare different data sets. The outcome of the research shows that Poverty is rampant and widespread in Kenya with poverty incidences of up 46% in 200512006 when the last poverty mapping was done. This was a drop from the first estimates which were done in 1999 which showed an incidence of 53%. The poverty patterns indicate that education is a key determinant of poverty and the higher the level of education the lesser the poverty. Poverty is higher in urban areas than rural areas and gender plays an important role in poverty dynamics in different directions in rural and urban areas. The country also experiences high levels of inequality with an average Gini index of 34% in rural areas and 40% in rural areas. There is an increasing growth trend in both the old and new ICTs in Kenya with over 100% growth in most of the ICTs services providers and ICTs between 1999 and 2007. A plot of poverty and ICTs showed a relationship between the two which indicates that poverty is less where ICTs are more abundant. A framework for use of ICTs in poverty alleviation in Kenya was developed which is suitable for the country's specific context and its use is highly recommended to bring about some positive results.
- ItemA framework on data analysis using business intelligence for decision making : a case for LION limited.(Strathmore University, 2009) Ngure, ElsieThis study seeks to understand why companies that have invested in Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) lack adequate reporting tools effective analysis and monitoring for decision making. It seeks to propose a framework on implementation of business intelligence tools (BI). This study has been guided by the following research questions : i) What are the factors that influence BI? ii) What are the strengths and weaknesses of existing BI frameworks? iii) What are the challenges of implementing BI? iv) What additional resources are required for the successful implementation of BI? A case of Lion Limited has been used to bring out the issues and to help expound on the research questions. the survey was conducted through questionnaires distributed to senior and middle members of staff at Lion limited being users charged with the responsibility of Business Performance reporting. the sample was purposive and very specific to people either responsible for implementation (Information Technology) or users of the system charged with the responsibility of business performance reporting. The study revealed a significant difference in perception between the users and the implementers of business intelligence tool, on the extend to which objectives were met. Based on respondents, 100% emphasized the need for management support in all stages of the implementation. Challenges experienced include: Lack of time, management support and unclear objectives. There are no additional resources required by the organization to implement BI. However, emphasis is on proper planning. the need for a project team dedicated to BI implementation is critical. This ensures that necessary resources are availed to avoid handing the task a a by the way project. Therefore, organizations that intend to maximize on gains from the ERP implementation, they must be willing to invest in a business intelligence tool. They must implement software that can help answer the why questions such as why are sales trending downwards or why are stock-outs for a particular product. That is where business intelligence comes from.
- ItemA Conceptual data mining model (DMM) used in Selective Dissemination of Information (SDI) : case study - Strathmore University Library(Strathmore University, 2010) Ambayo, Jackson AlungaThe process of locating and acquiring relevant information from libraries is getting more complicated due to the vast amount of information resource one has to plough through. To serve users purposefully a library should be able to avail to users’ tools and services that will lessen the task of searching of documents and be more of an information provider. A data mining model that would be used in the selective dissemination of information is proposed. The purpose would be to link users’ information needs to the available and relevant information materials. This requires technologies much like search engines that will be specialised at rummaging through library databases and mining bibliographical enthes and user details to come up with what could be the closest to determining and anticipating user patterns and demand within libraries A case study approach was taken with the collection and analysis of data. Random sampling technique facilitated the choice of 100 library users and library staff from which data was collected using self-administered and researcher administered questionnaires. Data was analyzed and presented using descriptive statistics, cross tabulations and graphs, by the use of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 12. It was ascertained that there is a demand of relevant information amongst the students with academic, financial and employment information being the highest sought. The OPAC, classmate referrals were the most highly sought information seeking mechanisms relied on. Majority of the users were of the opinion that they would prefer a systems that offers them the choice of selectively acquiring and informing them of the availability of relevant resources, as well as them (users’) having doing their own searches.
- ItemAn exploratory study on the effectiveness of computer aides learning in mathematics and chemistry(Strathmore University, 2010) Sambu, Joseph KiprutoThis study was aimed to explore the effectiveness of Computer-Aided Learning (CAL) vs. classroom lecture for Chemistry and Mathematics. The objectives of this study were to: - measure the impact of CAL on academic performance, evaluate students’ attitudes. investigate their relationship with performance and also evaluate Cyber School Technology Solutions (CSTS) courseware. Sunshine Secondary School was selected to carry out this exploratory research where forty one students in a form three class were placed in two groups. (i) The control group that followed traditional lecture method with their regular teachers in the classroom and (ii) The experimental group (CAL) that used Cyber School Technology Solutions (CSTS) courseware in the Computer Lab. The survey to investigate student’s attitudes and to evaluate CSTS courseware was conducted through questionnaires which were distributed to the selected students in five secondary schools in Nairobi province and the staff teaching in the two departments of Mathematics and Chemistry. The results from this research showed no significant difference in the mean scores recorded by the subjects following CAL and those following Expository method in the post-test. The two strategies were found to be equally effective as shown by significant differences in the mean scores of pre-test and post-test. In the evaluation of the courseware, both teachers and students gave CSTS a very good rating as a learning tool. Also, a very strong and significant correlation between attitude change and performance was found. This research recommends a teaching model that incorporates the two strategies. KEY WORDS: Computer, Learning, Computer-Aided Learning
- ItemBusiness Processes Reengineering and Change Management in Public Sector: A case of Implementing an Integrated Financial Management Information System (lFMIS) in the Ministry of Finance-Kenya(Strathmore University, 2011) Kaua, Pius MuchaiThe Government of Kenya through the ministry of finance has been implementing IFMIS from the year 2003 which is intended to bring sanity in public spending. The project is intended to cover budgeting, accounts, procurement, asset management and projects management modules. Currently only the accounts and procurement modules have been implemented in all the accounting units. Implementation is done in a phased approach. The accounting modules of the project are aimed at increasing efficiency of the accounting services, timely reporting and integrating all its business functions. Efficiency and accountability has presented themselves as major challenges across all public expenditure entities. It is for these reasons that ERP (Enterprise Resource Planning) vendors like Oracle and SAP amongst others have come up with solutions that are meant to address these problems. The study focused on examining how IFMIS has managed Business Process Re¬engineering (BPR) on the accounting operations in government and challenges faced in the process of change management. In addition, the research seeks to establish how to manage change as a result of business process re-engineering. Specifically, the study examined the aims and objectives of the IFMIS in determining whether the system is addressing the problems it was meant to solve. The study used descriptive and exploratory research methods. The respondents were drawn from three departments in the Ministry of Finance, who are the key users in the accounting unit. The study established that business process re-engineering, change management; top management support and development of an implementation plan are critical success factors in ERP implementation. The implementation of IFMIS led to an increase in work efficiency due to increased accountability and work done within the time limit.
- ItemThe role of flatters( outsourcing, workflow software, mobile and wireless technologies) in providing a level playing field in the banking industry in Kenya : a case study of Equity Bank(2011) Mate, Moses G.Globalization is shrinking the world, leveling the universal playing field, flattening our planet by abolishing hitherto unavoidable barriers of space and time. The title of Thomas Friedman’s book “The world is flat” is a metaphor for viewing the world as a level playing field in terms of commerce, where all competitors have an equal opportunity. Friedman makes use of the word ‘flatteners’ to denote the ten forces that have led to globalization. One of the flatteners he describes in his book is "The Steroids": Wireless, Voice over Internet, and file sharing. Personal digital devices like mobile phones, iPods, personal digital assistants, instant messaging, and voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP). Digital, Mobile, Personal and Virtual – all analog content and processes (from entertainment to photography to word processing) can be digitized and therefore shaped, manipulated and transmitted; virtual – these processes can be done at high speed with total ease; mobile –can be done anywhere, anytime by anyone; and personal – can be done by you.The general objective of this study was to determine to what extent Equity Bank is conforming to Thomas Friedman’s flatteners and how they are impacting on its business. The study was aimed at addressing the following specific objectives: to establish which flatteners are applicable to Equity Bank with the kind of infrastructure available; to determine to what extent Equity Bank is conforming with the flatteners; to determine the impact of the flatteners on Equity Bank; and to propose a model for responding to the flatteners. The nature of the research design was a survey. Data was obtained mainly from questionnaires and interviews with the relevant managers and directors as well as from secondary sources. Analysis was done using Microsoft Excel and SPSS computer programs and output presented using appropriate visual techniques i.e. frequency distribution tables, graphs and charts. The study established that the flatteners relevant to the banking industry were workflow software, outsourcing and the steroids with the bank conforming to these flatteners to varying degrees. However, the impact of the steroids is quite apparent with the total number of transactions steadily rising in recent times. The transactions related to the steroids have been rising in recent years, while the mundane banking transactions i.e. over the counter have been reducing. A Branchless banking model with Enterprise application integration was also proposed by the study as an innovative strategy in line with the Thomas Friedman flatteners. Main recommendations from the study were in the form of further research areas in which the implementation of the branchless banking model in terms of timelines and in line with the recently released agency banking guidelines from the Central Bank of Kenya can be looked into as well as which additional functions within the bank can be outsourced so as to benefit from the same.
- ItemSustainability Partnership Framework for e-Health Systems in the Public Health Sector: A Case of District Health Information Systems in Kenya(Strathmore University, 2011) Omwomo, Washington OkothThis research work was designed to answer five key objectives, which together tried to explore the possibility of developing a partnership framework that brings together . key health stakeholders with common business interests/functions to support the development, implementation and sustainability of a national health information system for the public health sector. The research work adopted an exploratory based approach in which both primary and secondary data were collected using self-administered questionnaires, key informant interviews and published and unpublished data. Questionnaires were given to all participating institutions while key informant interviews were conducted with selected experts based on their experience on the subject matter. Published and unpublished data were used to expound on the emerging critical issues from questionnaires and key informant interviews. The research work established the existence of both the opportunity and willingness among key stakeholders to pull together resources, through a well-structured and viable business framework to support the development, deployment and sustainability of the national system. The country lacks the enabling environment (eHealth policy and regulatory framework); stakeholders' coordination structures are weak, duplication of efforts among development partners supporting HIS functions is rampant, and institutional and human capacity needs strengthening to support DHIS operations. Research work has identified critical success factors, and strategic roles of key stakeholders for effective use of public-private partnership. Partnership framework and its implementation plan have been developed. Implementation of the framework will result strengthened and responsive GoK leadership and coordination structures, local socio-technical capacity development and increased high-level political-business goodwill among policy makers. These are the required enabling factors to strengthen the stewardship and governance of District Health Information System for long term sustainability.
- ItemA monitoring and evaluation system in a research organization : a case of African Population and Health Research Center(Strathmore University, 2011) Kiliswa, Matthew ShahiThe African Population and Health Research Center (APHRC) has gone through rapid expansion in terms of research focus, geographical scope, budget, staff and funders over the last 10 years. As a result, it became necessary to have an automated monitoring and evaluation (M&E) system to capture, monitor, and measure results as well as the impact of the Center’s work. Furthermore, an external review on the Center’s operations done in 2009 identified the need for a better projects and results tracking system and mechanism. Therefore, the development of the system is a significant milestone in the results based management of programs at APHRC. Initially, the system was to be out-sourced. However, after an assessment of six external Project Management Systems, the Center concluded that none was context specific to her needs as a research organization. It was also going to be expensive to procure and pay annual maintenance charges for the selected system. With the support of a core team composed of the System Developer, M&E Officer, Development Manager and Head of Finance and Administration, APHRC made the decision to develop an in-house system. The modules in the new automated M&E system are informed by the logic model and metrics in the Center’s M&E framework. The seven modules include: Grants, Project Progress Tracking and Reporting, Publications, Media Appearances, Policy Engagement Events and Outcomes, Training and Institutional Support, and Alumni Tracking. Open source software such as APACHE HTTP server, PHP, MySQL and other web design scripting languages such as Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) and Java Script have been used to design the system. The system is now in use at APHRC. The system can be accessed via the center’s Intranet.
- ItemA web based model for management of research information in Kenya(Strathmore University, 2011) Kitsao, Nyanje KadzovuFor Kenya to become a knowledge-led economy, there must be better coordination of Kenya’s multiple institutions dealing with research and development, and that Kenya must adopt a better dissemination strategy. The current method of managing research information does not adequately address research sharing, duplication of research and dissemination. The study aimed at investigated how research information is managed in Kenya and sought to identify information requirements for management of the research, identify any limitations of the current system and propose a model for management of national research. The study reviewed research management activities being undertaken by some selected countries developed and developing in Africa and across the world and found that most countries have already employed or are putting into place, measures to consolidate research information for knowledge sharing and elimination of duplication of research effort. The study found that there is a lot of research going on in Kenya. However, research information is scattered across the various institutions performing research. The research revealed there is willingness by institutions to share their research information but Poor infrastructure, none enforcement of regulations on research and lack of a central location to collect this information are major limiting factors to the access and sharing of research information. A model was proposed that can be implemented for suitably managing research information nationally. The model was proposed as a central database on a web-based platform after an analysis of the current research activities in Kenya and a review of existing models used by other countries/organizations. The Research concluded that the National Council for Science and Technology (NCST) is nationally mandated to coordinate all research operations in Kenya. It is therefore, suitably placed to host the Centralized Database and since the model proposed has a very wide range of takeholders for research information; its implementation requires NCST to vigorously create awareness of the roles it plays in coordination of research in Kenya and let stakeholders buy into the benefits likely to accrue due to shared central research resources. Regulations and procedures for any conduct of research done in Kenya should be enforced with penalties or sanctions being imposed on those that default.
- ItemIntergration model for electronic documentation applications:a case of geothermal development company(Strathmore University, 2011) Oluoch, Patrick O; Lukandu, Ismail Ateya; Kiraka, Ruth; Marwanga (Dr.), ReubenOrganizations invest in ICT software with the aim of improving internal process efficiency. Many organizations use more than one application in the same or different phases of their documentation lifecycles to meet predefined ends. Since these applications are developed at different times, and in different settings to solve different problems, they are more often disjointed. In such a scenario, end users are required to integrate the functionality of several independent applications in line with predefined business processes. Manual integration requires extensive user input which can compromise the throughput and quality of documents. Application integration provides an opportunity to improve the efficiency of documentation processes through automation of repetitive manual user input and enforcement of documentation procedures using preprogrammed rules of use. This research aimed at determining applications used in documentation processes of Geothermal Development Company (GDC) Nakuru Office and identifying any gaps which arise due to separately implemented ones. The study then designed a model to abate challenges attributable to application disjointedness. Descriptive research methodology was used since no variables at play could be controlled by the researcher. Through stratified random sampling, a representative sample of respondents was selected to whom a questionnaire was administered. Analysis of responses determined that GDC uses two key categories of applications in predefined documentation processes – word processor and electronic mail client. Use of the aforementioned applications requires manual user input to align their combined functionality with predefined business rules. This in addition to lack of a web publishing application to centrally archive documents has lead to various challenges encountered by end users which include delays in documentation due to limited collaborative support, document version mix-up and difficulty in locating documents published in e-mail. Having identified the need to integrate three applications – word processors, electronic mail client and web publishing applications, this research went ahead to develop a model to guide in achieving the same using Business Modeling Language (BML). BML is useful to all levels of stakeholders from management to technical personnel. An implementation guideline to offer more information about how the applications should be integrated to maximize on the usefulness of the integration model was further highlighted. It is important for organizations using disjointed applications with internal process efficiency improvement needs to consider application integration as the next vital step forward before investing in new applications designed to achieve the same end. This will ensure that maximum return on investment is made on already implemented applications in a shorter time while avoiding the risk of minimal yields from investment in completely new applications.
- ItemEffect of ICT integration on teaching and learning in higher institutions : case of KCA University(Strathmore University, 2011) Mondo, Fredrick OmondiThe underlying principle for integrating ICT in education is based on three vital rationales namely, the economic, the social and pedagogical rationales. In the view of the above, the universities need to adopt ICT in their instructional delivery for their critical role in the human resource development in a country. By so doing universities will produce a work force that is able to construct knowledge, form and sustain social networks as well as a workforce that is empowered through knowledge acquisition to participate in the society. Despite these important contributions of ICT, little is known about how Kenyan universities have integrated them in their teaching and learning, which is critical to obtaining benefits enumerated above. The purpose of this study is to examine the extent of integration of ICT in teaching and learning from the perspective of the lecturers and students in Kenyan Universities. A case study approach was taken with the collection and analysis of data. Stratified sampling technique was used to select 42 and 15 respondents from a population of 7000 and 110 students and lecturers from KCA University respectively. Two questionnaires, one for each stratum was used, data was analyzed and presented using descriptive statistics, cross tabulations and graphs, by the use of Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16. This study is likely to provide educational planners and policy makers in Kenya with an outline on which to have ICT framework that improve the quality of teaching and learning in the universities. From the lecturers' viewpoint, a study of this nature is likely to provide them with the direction for the improvement of their own teaching. From the students' viewpoint, this study is likely to help them to know the vast available ICT equipments that can be used for effective learning
- ItemManagement information system framework for juvenile justice system in Kenya : a case study for children service department Nairobi(Strathmore University, 2012) Kounah, Carolyne AtienoThe purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of Management Information System (MIS) on Children Service Department: the focus being on Juvenile Justice Supervision. The research objectives were; to identify existing Management Information Systems adopted by Children Service Department in Juvenile Justice Supervision, to establish the challenges faced in adoption of MIS and to propose framework for MIS development that will assist the Kenyan Government in Juvenile Justice Supervision. The study used the case study research design .The data was obtained analysed using descriptive and inferential statistical analysis.The first phase involved interviewing the middle management of the Children’s Service Department in Nairobi to identify the existing Management Information Systems used in gathering, storing , transmitting data and aid in decision making. The second phase involved content analysis of writings from Department of Children Service publications. Findings of the study revealed the following challenges or impediments to adoption of MIS for JJ supervision: lack of Information Technology (IT) platform, lack of ICT infrastructure and lack of information on potentials of MIS. The study recommends that the key players in MIS framework should include organization, technology, people, external partners and policies. They are to work together to create an Information System solution that addresses the challenges experienced by Children Service Department in Juvenile Justice Supervision.
- ItemAn information management framework for development agencies(Strathmore University, 2012) Musyoka, Betty KavuthaModern organizations face the challenge of accessing information that is relevant for development and sustainability. A key impediment for most organizations is sifting through large amounts of data to extract required information. Studies show that modern organizations geared towards development find it difficult to access and learn from information provided through previous projects conducted for/by the institutions. This study investigates the efficacy of incorporating data mining techniques into information and knowledge management to improve the quality of information used by organizations. Effective Information and Knowledge management practices are important for business growth and diversity, since they provide platforms through which managers can make competent decisions based on stored information. The study introduces a suggested information management framework that incorporates automated storage, access, and analysis of data to improve information and knowledge within organizations. This will translate to overall development in organizations processes.
- ItemFramework for linking of mobile application innovations to entrepreneurial opportunities in Kenya(Strathmore University, 2012) Otieno, Philip NeriMobile application innovation still an untapped entrepreneurial opportunity in Kenya and local developers are increasingly encouraged to think about accessing global markets by using the “windows of opportunity” offered by the multinational telecommunication companies. Existing mobile service business models have concentrated on markets that are more interested in using the mobile phone as a platform for entertainment such as music, games, movies, and television The purpose of this research is to establish a link between mobile applications innovation and entrepreneurial opportunities.As the whole research of mobile application entrepreneurship is relatively new and the impacts are wide reaching, a model framework of the research was needed. The aim was to widen the theoretical discussion and theory formulation concerning the link between mobile application innovation and entrepreneurship opportunities. The purpose was also to examine the drivers for mobile applications innovations, factors for mobile application entrepreneurship and the challenges in linking the mobile applications innovations to entrepreneurship opportunities. The primary data of the study are interviews of 10 organizations that dealt with mobile applications development. The research is descriptive in nature as it explains the situation in the industry as is. This research widened understanding mobile application entrepreneurship in Kenya. It was found that market needs was the most important driver for mobile application innovation in Kenya, while a thorough understanding of the industry was the most important factor for mobile application entrepreneurship in Kenya.
- ItemInformation management framework for self-help groups(Strathmore University, 2012) Wamae, George M.The Ministry of Gender, Children and Social Development (MGCSD), in Kenya is charged with the responsibility of mobilizing communities to form groups and then register them to undertake socio-economic activities for self reliance to participate in development. An information management framework would provide adequate and reliable information required in planning and future-projection of resource allocation to groups towards the implementation of their programmes. The main aim of this research was to explore the way MGCSD was collecting and managing information on registered Self Help Groups, with the intent to develop an information management framework for SHGs. This framework would provide a good basis for managing the bulk of information collected on SHGs from all over the country and package it in an appropriate manner for purposes of planning and information sharing. Literature on information management frameworks and self help movement was reviewed to provide theoretical framework for this research. The research methodology focused on the case of the MGCSD to establish the gaps and challenges faced when collecting data and managing data on SHGs. This was accomplished through analyzing programme reports, conducting key informant interviews with officers from the DGSD and administering questionnaires to officers in charge of social development in the MGCSD. The research findings established that the MGCSD is faced with a lot of challenges when capturing and managing data on SHGs. This was attributed to the fact that data was captured manually and officers lacked basic skills on how to manage and update information for easier retrieval and effective planning. In conclusion, the researcher recommends the need to enhance infrastructural development, develop human resource capacity and provide necessary equipment for proper implementation of the information management system.