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- ItemA Prototype of a virtual union catalogue for Kenya Library and Information Service Consortium (KLISC) member libraries.Gichiri, Peter Mwangi; Marwanga (Dr.), ReubenKenya lacks a national library union catalogue. As a result, researchers contend with overwhelming array of independent catalogues whenever they want to do inter-library research. Most libraries in Kenya are individually uploading their catalogues on the World Wide Web. Although this is a positive scenario, it does not address effectively role and nature of bibliographic information sharing. A fully functional national union remains the ultimate solution to inter-library research. This work involved gathering requirements, designing and developing a prototype for a Virtual Union Catalogue of Kenya Library and Information Services Consortium (KLISC) member libraries. We used online questionnaires generated using SurveyGizmo to gather data that informed the design of the virtual union catalogue gateway. The survey period covered 14th December 2010 at 7.00 am to 24th February 2011 at 12.00 pm. This work reveals the state and capacities of different KLISC member libraries to participate in the virtual union catalogue and suggestions on the design architecture of the virtual union catalogue. The Search/Retrieve via URL (SRU) query interface architecture was used to develop a functional virtual union catalogue prototype for KLISC member libraries. This data retrieval system model was adapted from Purdue University in Indiana United States of America. The prototype uses single query form to search individual libraries one at a time. Performing searches from a single portal provides a one-stop–shop for bibliographic data held by KLISC member libraries. This improves the records retrieval, enhances the inter-library loan services hence greatly reducing costs and effort incurred during inter-library loan operations. The achievement is notable in the realization of a union catalogue for the Kenya Library and Information services Consortium (KLISC).
- ItemA framework for establishing E-health systems in Kenya(2013-11-15) Njeru, James A. NLike any other Country in the world, Kenya is embracing ICT in its effort to improve service delivery to its citizens. In order to improve healthcare delivery, increase accountability, increase staff productivity, reduce cost and service delivery time, improve planning and decision making, the Ministry of Health has faced some challenges. The purpose of this study was to identify the various challenges in the implementation of ehealth in the ministry of Health and offer some recommendations. In this study based on literature review, concepts of health, health information systems, e-health, e-readiness models and an enterprise architectureframework were discussed. Various comparative country studies were also discussed and, and e-health readiness model was proposed. This study was conducted in the Ministry of Health which is the largest public health provider in Kenya. The Research design used was descriptive. The target population was drawn from staff of the Ministry of Health, Headquarters Nairobi. The study population comprised of 140 staff with a sample size of 100 Staff members. Based on the proposed e-readiness model, a questionnaire was provided and distributed among staff in the ministry of health who were familiar with ICT and internet in the Directorates of Public Health and Medical Services. After the analysis the main challenges were leT infrastructure, Lack of ICT Skills, Social and Cultural, Legal and security. With regard to e-readiness, e-health implementation framework was proposed and an e-health enterprise architecture framework based on enterprise architecture was proposed.
- ItemA Framework for a Sustainable ICT Implementation Solution for Public Primary Schools: Case of Nairobi West District(2013-11-15) Warui, Michael N.; Ateya, Ismail Lukandu; Marwanga (Dr.), Reuben; Kiraka, RuthDespite the emergence of ICT resources - such as computers, multimedia and the Internet, the proportion of public primary schools in Kenya making use of ICT is still very low. This research revealed that lack of technical support and access to educational software and econtent, and limited understanding on how to integrate ICTs into teaching were perceived by teachers as the key barriers to the further uptake of ICT in primary schools. Consequently, primary schools are unable to embrace an effective learning and quality pedagogy as they relate to ICT integration. Therefore, the dissertation undertook to develop a framework that would support, describe and promote good practice in the use of ICT in learning and teaching in public primary schools. To help schools introduce sustainable ICT into learning environments, a framework that has seven basic execution steps was developed. These steps are i) defining the educational objectives; ii) designing suitable e-school model; iii) selecting the specific technology platform along with the necessary content and applications; iv) deploying the ICT infrastructure; v) working out how much this technology will cost, not just initially but throughout the project life; vi) establishing user training, maintenance and technical support; and finally, vii) setting out framework implementation management, monitoring and reporting for continuous progress and improvement. In each of the steps, a school has to undertake several activities as the inputs in the execution of the framework. There is a resultant outcome after execution of each activity, which is measurable. A Likert scale of 5 has been provided to schools executing the framework in order to score or rate how they are able to attain the desired objectives. Implementation of the framework could help primary schools to introduce sustainable ICT into learning environments by identifying and assessing technology options, their benefits and feasibility.
- ItemIntegration model for electronic documentation applications(2013-11-14) Oluoch, Patrick O.Organizations invest in lCT software with the aim of improving internal process efficiency. Many organizations use more than one application in the same or different phases of their documentation life cycles to meet predefined ends. Since these applications are developed at different times, and in different settings to solve different problems, they are more often disjointed. In such a scenario, end users are required to integrate the functionality of several independent applications in line with predefined business processes. Manual integration requires extensive user input which can compromise the throughput and quality of documents. Application integration provides an opportunity to improve the efficiency of documentation processes through automation of repetitive manual user input and enforcement of documentation procedures using preprogrammed rules of use. This research aimed at determining applications used in documentation processes of Geothermal Development Company (GDC) Nakuru Office and identifying any gaps which arise due to separately implemented ones. The study then designed a model to abate challenges attributable to application disjointedness. Descriptive research methodology was used since no variables at play could be controlled by the researcher. Through stratified random sampling, a representative sample of respondents was selected to whom a questionnaire was administered. Analysis of responses determined that GDC uses two key categories of applications in predefined documentation processes - word processor and electronic mail client. Use of the aforementioned applications requires manual user input to align their combined functionality with predefined business rules. This in addition to lack of a web publishing application to centrally archive documents has lead to various challenges encountered by end users which include delays in documentation due to limited collaborative support, document version mix-up and difficulty in locating documents published in e-mail. Having identified the need to integrate three applications - word processors, electronic mail client and web publishing applications, this research went ahead to develop a model to guide in achieving the same using Business Modeling Language (BML). BML is useful to all levels of stakeholders from management to technical personnel. An implementation guideline to offer more information about how the applications should be integrated to maximize on the usefulness of the integration model was further highlighted. It is important for organizations using disjointed applications with internal process efficiency improvement needs to consider application integration as the next vital step forward before investing in new applications designed to achieve the same end. This will ensure that maximum return on investment is made on already implemented applications in a shorter time while avoiding the risk of minimal yields from investment in completely new applications.
- ItemAsset management system in the Government of Kenya(2013-11-14) Wambugu, Ndumia P.The purpose of this study was to assess the benefits of adoption of an asset management system in the public sector in Kenya. The study was guided by the following specific objectives; to determine the present state of asset management, determine the role an asset management system; analyze the present model for implementing an asset management system and to determine how the present model can be improved for successful implementation of an asset management system in the Government of Kenya. The research design for this study was a case study design. The population of interest for this study was employees from the Ministry of Finance. Stratified random sampling was used to select 70 respondents across the strata. Both quantitative and qualitative data was used in this study. Quantitative data was collected using a semi structured questionnaire. Qualitative data was collected by the use of interview guides. Secondary data were used; sources included text books, journals, newsletters, asset management implementation model manuals. Statistical Package for Social Science Software (SPSS) was used to help in analysis of quantitative data. The study found out that asset management in the government was not integrated across departments and therefore procurement department was most entrusted with the role of asset management. Study observed that previous AMS implementation process attempt did not observe the set timelines due to lack of policy, inclusion in implementation process and 'buy in' by the employees. Poor integration of activities within departments, lack of standardization in categorization/cataloging of assets, lack of AMS flexibility in its operation and poor design of the asset management model were challenges mentioned to hamper AMS implementation process. Study concludes that AM information system in the government is faced by various design, operation and implementation challenges leading to it being stalled. AM in the government remains exclusively a decision making process. The system also fails to integrate various departments either for regular information flow, monetary or occasional information.