Women trafficking in Kenya: assessing the policy, legal and institutional framework

Kimeu, Winnie Wausi
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Strathmore University
Kenya has been identified as a tier 2 Country when it comes to combatting human trafficking this is according to the Trafficking in Persons Report 2020, this means that Kenya does not quite comply with the standards put in place to combat human trafficking. Currently Kenya has one of the highest number of women and girls trafficked in the East Africa region. Human trafficking in not a new phenomenon, however over recent years it has turned out to be a grave problem. Women and girls in particular are the majority of individuals affected, they make up 80% of the total number of trafficking victims all around the world.1 Women have become the major prey when it comes to human trafficking, circumstances such as unemployment, social economic factors and lack of education have catalyzed the situation therefore making them more vulnerable to human trafficking. Kenya has been identified as a transit and destination point for human trafficking. This means that victims from neighboring East Africa regions are being trafficking into Kenya and others out of Kenya into international destinations. It has been noted that Kenya houses the headquarters for the human trafficking ring in East Africa, these rings use recruitment centers as covers to conduct these heinous acts.2 This thesis seeks to address the inadequate nature of Kenya, policy, legal and institutional framework in support of the fight against human trafficking mostly in women and girls. It shall look at what causes human trafficking in women in Kenya and why Kenya has one of the largest numbers of trafficked women and girls in East Africa. It will also look at the legal, policy and institutional framework that has currently been put in place to combat human trafficking in women. The main agenda of this thesis is to uncover the difficulties in policy and regulation so that Kenya’s position in the global arena when it comes to human trafficking can be improved.
A Thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements of the Degree of Master of Laws, at Strathmore University
Women trafficking_Kenya, Institutional framework, Persons Report 2020