Occupational health and safety framework in the upstream oil and gas sector: a case study of Rwanda
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Rwanda’s upstream oil and gas sector has realized the benefit for exploring its natural resource having recently discovered commercially viable quantities of oil and gas. Rwanda is still at its nascent stages of oil and gas operations. There is however, the need for the sector to legislate the inescapable ‘occupational health and safety’ concerns exposed to workers. The study explored the legal and institutional framework that mirrors the sector aspects of occupational health and safety. The inadequacy of occupational health and safety provisions under Rwanda’s Petroleum Act to establish whether the requirements meet international best practices remains problematic. This study was guided by two research questions. The first (1) research question determined whether upstream laws of Rwanda have catered for occupational health and safety concerns within the sector. The second (2) research question determined whether occupational health and safety requirements in the upstream sectors should be enforceable in Rwanda, and if the said meets international best practice standards. As a yardstick, the study underscored the presence of occupational health and safety framework within other jurisdictions. These include Norway, Angola and UK for Rwanda’s sector placement as a proposed methodology. This study was conducted through analysis of primary and secondary data such as statutes, Text books, scholarly Articles, Journals, and Reports. This study hopes to inform the Government of Rwanda(GOR), and policy makers within the upstream sector on how best to implement the occupational health and safety framework through making reforms so as to incorporate the concerns within the sector.