Degendering domestic violence to enhance implementation of the protection against domestic violence act in Kenya
ARARU, SAADA AHMED OSMAN
Domestic violence is violence against a person, or threat of violence or of imminent danger to a person, by any other person with whom a person is, or has been in a domestic relationship. Domestic violence based on socially ascribed differences between men and women is what is termed as gender-based violence. This type of violence is and has been rampant in Kenya and around the globe over several years.
The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) defines gender-based violence (hereinafter referred to as ‘GBV’) as, “any act that is perpetrated against a person’s will and is based on gender norms and unequal power relationships.” GBV encompasses threats of violence and coercion that may be physical, sexual, psychological or emotional. Gender-based violence within domestic relationships, herein referred to as gender-based domestic violence, is a violation of human rights disaffirming the human dignity of the individual. Domestic violence is defined as the violence against a person, or threat of violence or of imminent danger to that person by any other person with whom that person is or has been in a domestic relationship.