Freedom of education: an Aristotelian interpretation of the Kenya Basic Education Act No.14 of 2013
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Aristotle in his educational ideals as presented in his Politics and Nichomachean Ethics, believed that education was necessary for a fulfilled life. For him, the thinking and practice of an educator has to have a clear philosophy of life. Education according to other philosophers such as Plato and Socrates is the reproduction of culture. According to Aristotle Freedom of Education involves both state-run public education and private education. The question then arises as to who is responsible for determining the training students receive in school and whether there is freedom of education in a given education system. Aristotle in his politics states that education should be guided by legislation. This paper aims at discussing the historical and the contemporary significance of Aristotle’s ideas on freedom of education as presented in his Nicomachean Ethics and Politics. Based on Aristotle’s ideas, the paper will discuss the role of parents, teachers, the state and voluntary institutions in the provision of education.