Information systems framework for traffic congestion management: case study of Nairobi
Traffic Management (TM) in the urban centers remains a very contentious issue and particularly in large cities. There are various methods used to manage traffic yet these methods have got their limitations and certain levels of complexities. As time becomes a remedy for success to economic growth, methods of controlling traffic and making traffic efficient to save this vital resource have took center stage in the urban centers. Historically urban centers have been identified with heavy potential of population growth. The population growth has triggered other co related activities such as line service industries which result to increase in urban migration. Most business setups are located in the urban centers and this may be the possibility of population growth. The resultant has been an increase in urban mobility and particularly to people as they get to their various destinations. Different cities have different behavioral activities as urban migration may be as well be influenced by regional cultures. Information technology has been described as immature technology however; use of the same could have resulted to positive effects in creating a standard to be adopted. Urban centers are the most affected areas in terms of vehicle traffic flow management as congestion becomes a challenge on day to day running. Appropriate use of technology in traffic management has given countries a niche in many dimensions be it cost, efficiency or effectiveness. Old technologies may not alleviate recent challenges in congestion handling, load balancing and traffic routing and hence the need to adopt a more comprehensible solution. The thesis therefore proposed a traffic management framework that will be suitable for adoption on Kenya urban centers. The Study looked at possible ways and considerations that was necessary to bring traffic congestion to the minimum. The proposed framework was also a guideline that could otherwise complement the existing guidelines and procedures that were currently in use for alleviating traffic management challenges in the urban centers. Using Nairobi city as case study, the traffic Management framework was developed, tested and observed.